Hai Yen -Binh Hung Special Region
Hai Yen -Binh Hung Special Region has an area of about 30 hectares, is located in Thanh Dam village, Tan Hai commune, Phu Tan district, Ca Mau province. This is a war remnants region (The war was led by Nguyen Lac Hoa under the patronization of Ngo Dinh Diem) built by the American Empire in late 1959 and used to detain, torture, kill revolutionary soldiers and massacre innocent poor people.
In 1957, the US – Diem assigned Nguyen Lac Hoa and 80 Christian households to move to two sides of Tho May canal, Phu My commune, Cai Nuoc district and established Phu My parish. Then, Phu My Plantation was moved to Thanh Dam village, Tan Hung Tay commune, Cai Nuoc district and Cai Cam Plantation was established. At the same time, Nguyen Hoa Lac propagandized and admitted 120 migrant families from ethnic minorities, evil-doers in migration forces along with some youths in the parish; founded the local platoons and applied for equipment, guns to serve construction of Hai Yen –Binh Hung Special Region. Nguyen Lac Hoa incited and supported them to shoot, rape, behead, eviscerate, pull out liver, causing so much sufferings and losses to people and revolutionary soldiers in Ca Mau.
Hai Yen- Binh Hung special region is a fortified jail built to detain, torture and kill soldiers and revolutionary officers, massacre innocent patriotic people with the slogan “rather kill the wrong person than allow the culprit to escape”. This is considered a “hell on earth” at the time. Passing through the war years, although Hai Yen- Binh Hung Special Region was devastated for many times, some war remnants were dead-bridges, collective graves, etc. It is a living testimony of a fighting period for peace and independence of Ca Mau people.
According to the incomplete statistics of Ca Mau Provincial Museum, Binh Hung – Hai Yen was the place where 1,675 officers and people were massacred and killed. Hai Yen – Binh Hung Special Region was recognized as the national cultural-historic relic by the Ministry of Culture – Information (now the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism) on November 24, 2000.
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