All posts by cmtadmin

Bottom gillnetting – a traditional job in the cape of Ca Mau

Ca Mau is a province with a system of rivers and canals crossed with a total length of more than 7,000 km, made up for 1/3 of total length of the Mekong River Delta and it is also a large fishery area of approximately 71,000 km2. The vast Ca Mau River system is divided into two large groups of estuaries, one flowing to the West Sea (Cua Lon, Ong Doc and Dong Cung rivers) and one flowing to the East Sea (Bo De, Tam Giang flowing to Ho Rui gate, etc.), that formed large river mouths and hundreds of different river and canal systems.

Each time visiting Ca Mau, if travelers have chance to drift on boat on the rivers and estuaries, they will learn and experience the life of people associated with the river all the time of year. Here, owning to the vast waterways, there are many different fishing trades created as fishing, netting, gillnetting, trawling, clawing, bottom gillnetting ,etc. particularly bottom gillnetting.

Nghề đóng đáy – Nhịp sống mưu sinh nơi vùng đất cuối trời Nam anh 1Daily life rhythm of fishers on the bottom gillnetting

Ca Mau’s bottom gillnetting is divided into three types as “day hang cam” (narrow bottom gillnetting) (also known as “narrow gillnetting”), “day hang be” (raft bottom gillnetting) and “day hang khoi” (offshore bottom gillnetting). The narrow bottom gillnetting is located in places where the water depth is from 15 – 16m, the piles are set from 17 – 18 m into the riverbed, fixed a place to arrange the queue distance from 2 to 10 mouths of gillnetting across the river to drop the nets and pull the flow of fish and scrimp swiftly flowing in the water into the mouths of bottom gillnetting.

The raft bottom gillnetting is more particular, usually located in deep river bed with swiftly flowing water, the brackets of raft bottom gillnetting are linked by floating boats on the river surface. Normally, there are 2 or 3 bottom gillnetting owners cooperated in raft gillnetting and supported each other in the business and difficulties in daily life as well. Mr. Cang, who works in raft bottom gillnetting in Tam Giang Tay said, “Sometimes we do not have to dive the raft bottom gillnetting at the bottom of a riverbed where it cannot dive the gillnetting piles. Raft gillnetting piles can dive anywhere, as long as the location with more fish and shrimps swiftly flowing, and specifically less cost”. The favorable characteristics of raft bottom gillnetting is reasonable cost and flexible removal, thus, the owner of bottom gillnetting can move from one place to another place if the fish flows in the existing gillnetting piles become less.

Nghề đóng đáy – Nhịp sống mưu sinh nơi vùng đất cuối trời Nam anh 2Hut friends on the offshore bottom gillnetting

While the narrow gillnetting and raft bottom gillnetting are located on the riverbed, the offshore gillnetting is different because it is located in the offshore, approximately 8 – 20km away from the mainland. People spread the mouths of gillnetting in the sea ditch of 25m deep. The wide mouth of gillnetting is made of long net, fixed tail, mound between the two bottom gillnetting piles that were plugged deep into the profound. Offshore gillnetting can be understood as a relatively hard-working profession; fishers have to live at the strong wave front and wind. To make a long row of high offshore gillnetting in the middle of the ocean, it is a struggle of confronting the Nature to take advantage of the wind, water and stream to dive huge piles into the ocean.

The profession of offshore gillnetting requires a lot of workforce involved, for example, the person who pays the construction of bottom gillnetting, called as the owner of bottom gillnetting; the person who transports of fish and shrimp, supplies food and water from the boats to the bottom gillnetting location, called as “boat friends”; the person who guards and waits in the hut until the convenient flow, to drop the nets and pull the bottom gillnetting, called as “hut friends”. Due to the characteristics of the profession, “hut friends” must be well-experienced in the sea, can swim well and brave to cope with the big waves and especially they must live far from home. They settled on the small huts hanging above the bottom gillnetting piles. Each hut is approximately 4 – 10m2 shared the space with 2- 3 “hut friends” together work on the gillnetting piles, harvest, manage and protect the offshore bottom gillnetting piles. The ropes are tangled between the bottom piles and are the only means for the “hut friends” to move back and forth and to drop the nets. Movements as walking on a rope, swinging, dropping the nets, pulling swiftly prove the ingenuity and proficiency of their work that could compare with a circus performer on the sea. The profession of the “hut friends” is not only that simply, they also have to stay up late, get up early, watch the flow, wash the bottom gillnetting and then dry it up. In their idle time, they also try to find some dried fish such as pineapple fish, catfish, small fish, etc. to make more income for the family or when they let the soul in the water, they can hum a few sentences freely, to ease the nostalgia of wife and children who are waiting in the main land.

There are usually two flows each month to allow fishermen to drop the nets. Fish and shrimp swiftly flowing in the water into the mouths of bottom gillnetting. In the season of the flow running to the bottom gillnetting, boat owners are allowed to access and to collect aquatic products, food supply, tobacco, drinking water, etc. for the “hut friends”. At such times, when the boats return to the mainland, they will carry the aquatic resources of their “hut friends” and share to their loved ones at home. The joy in the face of women when they enthusiastically classify fish, crabs, shrimp and squid to choose which one to sell the market, which one to make fish sauce in respectful manner because such products is the result of dropped sweat of their husbands and sons in families.

Today, Ca Mau has thousands of bottom gillnetting mouths at the seaports as Cai Doi Vam (Phu Tan district) and Rach Tau (Ngoc Hien district). Follow the “ship friends” to the location of bottom gillnetting, traveler not only watch the vast of offshore but also feel the wonderful difference of the day and night of bottom gillnetting among big waves and winds. Traveler should experience the “bird nest” hut, riskily swing body through the ropes connecting the bottom gillnetting and join hands with friends in hut and friends in boat, to pull the heavy fishing net.

Though the river of peace, the sea of huge waves and storms, the water always contained the flow of life, the narrow gillnetting, raft gillnetting and offshore bottom gillnetting still catch flows of fish and scrimps which is bestowed by the Nature for the sea of the Southernmost of nation. Therefore, the spirit of ocean attachment, the love with waves is a restless love of the people of Ca Mau.

Photo and article: Duong Kim Chuyen

Advertisment and promotion contributes to Ca Mau tourism’s development

With the attention of Ca Mau Province People’s Committee, the effective direction of the Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism; the advertisment and promotion of Ca Mau tourism in 2017 is accelerated with many diverse and effective activities, thereby well completing the plan on implementing tourism promotion program of the year, contributing to the success of the provincial tourism.

In 2017, Ca Mau Tourism has implemented the promotion program of the year. Many activities have been implemented such as tourism demand stimulation promotion at the events of the industry such as Viet Nam International Travel Mart-(VITM) Ha Noi 2017, International Travel Expo-Ho Chi Minh City 2017 (ITE HCMC),  the 2nd Ben Tre Culture and Tourism Week 2017, etc. Through the events, the Ca Mau tourism destination image is widely introduced to tourists, investors and partners domestically and internationally. It is an important base for Ca Mau tourism to reach many key markets, opening up cooperation opportunities for for tourism and travel agencies.

Quảng bá xúc tiến góp phần tạo sức bật cho du lịch Cà Mau  anh 1

Participation in the event is a great opportunity to promote the image of Ca Mau tourism. Photo: Thy Dieu.

The printing and re-publication of tourism publications are effectively maintained. Over 13,000 publications including: folding books, maps, guidebooks, film discs, postcards, etc have been implementing with diverse contents and beautiful images suitable for different service subjects. Information and publications are provided for the work groups visiting and working in Ca Mau as well as provincial delegations to other provinces at home and abroad. The large advertising panels and tourism maps located in the airports and the important traffic points widely promote the image of Ca Mau tourism to the masses.

Quảng bá xúc tiến góp phần tạo sức bật cho du lịch Cà Mau  anh 2

In addition, the promotion and information on the electronic channels are standardized. Ca Mau tourism website and in English – Vietnamese are maintained effectively. 34 websites of tourism associations, tourism promotion centers in provinces and cities are actively linked. The articles and photos of Ca Mau tourism attracted 222,712 visits, of which English interface is 38,697 visits.

Apart from the contents of the promotion program implementation plan, many other promotion and support activities have been implemented in line with the actual situation of the locality and the development trend of the industry. New information and tourism promotion activities are implemented creatively and efficiently, sticking to the development conditions of the industry; enriching the advertisement contents and forms, contributing to the recognition of Ca Mau tourism image and attracting tourists to Ca Mau.

Ca Mau Tourism Booth at ITE HCMC 2017 – a meeting place of tourism businesses inside and outside the province. Photo: Ca Mau Province Promotion and Information Center.

These efforts have contributed to making Ca Mau tourism industry achieve important results. In 2017, Ca Mau received d about 1,240,000 visitors, reaching 105.08% of the plan (1,180,000 arrivals) and 11.3% higher than that in 2016. In particular, domestic visitors reached 1,215,000, reaching 105.61% compared to the year plan, 11.15% higher than that in 2016. The revenue is estimated about 670 billion dong, 35.86% higher than that in 2016.

Quảng bá xúc tiến góp phần tạo sức bật cho du lịch Cà Mau anh 3Advertisment and promotion to enhance Ca Mau tourism development. Photo: Thy Dieu

In 2018, the goal for the industry is receiving 1,440,000 visitors, of which domestic visitors are about 1,413,400. Tourism revenue is about 920 billion dong. This goal require the efforts of the entire industry, focusing on promoting state management of tourism, product diversification, investment in material facilities and techniques, tourism infrastructure and relevant service development, especially tourism propaganda, advertisement and promotion./.

2017 is a strategic significance year for the socio-economic development of Ca Mau province and the basic year for implementing the Resolution of the 15th Party Congress and the five-year socio-economic development plan of Ca Mau province in the 2016-2020 period. The Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism has strengthened to give the advice on developing sustainable tourism and focusing on tourism advertisement and promotion to the province People’s Committee.

 By: Thy Dieu

Hon Chuoi Island- Ca Mau Tourism

Beach tourism is becoming more attractive to visitors than ever. The attraction comes from the beauty of nature, simplicity and friendliness of human, etc. And if you are looking for a beautiful original place, different from the daily bustling world, Hon Chuoi island is the choice for you.

Du lịch Đảo Hòn chuối – Cà Mau anh 1

Hon Chuoi Island is located in the western sea of ​​Vietnam (Thailand Gulf) in Song Doc town, Tran Van Thoi district, Ca Mau province, 17 nautical miles from the mainland in the west. It takes only about over 2 hours to Hon Chuoi Island by train from Song Doc town.

Hon Chuoi Island has an area of ​​about 7 km2, most of which are primitive forests, the high peaks is near 170m above sea level. At the highest peak of the island is Hon Chuoi lighthouse, which has the effect of positioning Hon Chuoi island, helping ships operate in the sea determine their direction and position. There are more than 43 households on the island with more than 180 people living, farming and fishing, cultivating fruit, vegetables and doing small-size businesses. Hon Chuoi has two beaches in the West and East where two wharves have been built. Each household has two houses. From April to October of the year, they live on the eastern bank of the island, from October to April of the next year, they live on the western bank. The local people changes their accommodation seasonally. At present, more than 20 households on the island have set up the cooperative for raising cobia in cages for high economic efficiency.

Du lịch Đảo Hòn chuối – Cà Mau anh 2

Hon Chuoi Island is one of the most important islands and one of the five islands in Thanh Nien Island Construction Project (2013-2020 period) approved by the Prime Minister together with Tran Island (Co To Island District, Quang Ninh Province) Tho Chu Island (Phu Quoc Island District, Kien Giang Province), Bach Long Vi Island (Hai Phong City) and Con Co Island (Quang Tri Province).

Du lịch Đảo Hòn chuối – Cà Mau anh 3

In the western sea, Hon Chuoi area has large fishing grounds with many fishing boats. Hon Chuoi is always crowded with boats in and out, anchored to rest, avoid storms and buy seafood products after exploitation. Therefore, Hon Chuoi Island becomes bustling and closer to the mainland.

Hon Chuoi area is not too large and still quite primitive but there are still beautiful scenes, visitors will be fascinated by the blue of the sea, the road shady from the green trees and the cool air of the sea, etc. Although there are no luxury resorts, no luxury restaurants, the simplicity makes Hon Chuoi Island become friendlier in the eyes of visitors. Moreover, the enthusiasm and hospitality of people on the island make visitors to Hon Chuoi feel closer and more comfortable.

Du lịch Đảo Hòn chuối – Cà Mau anh 4

The most interesting thing is just fishing (fish, shrimp) and burning fire and frying them in place at the same time. There are many specialties such as cobia, crayfish, oyster, sea urchin, etc on the island, which may be used to make many extremely wonderful dishes. This tourism area is very suitable for visitors of sightseeing, resort, fishing, etc. Only coming here, we may see how beautiful our sea and island is, how bright red national flag is and can wallow in the life of local people and soldiers in Ca Mau Cape./.


Article and Photo: Nguyen Tuyen

Green Cape – There is a place like that

Ca Mau – A prosperous young land in the southern pole of Vietnam has a strong attraction to tourists because of geographical location, the blue of the immerse sea, vast forests and numerous local produces, gentle and friendly people…

Ca Mau City


Ca Mau Cape National Park


Ca Mau is a province in the Mekong Delta region with three sides adjacent to the sea. The north is bordered by Kien Giang and Bac Lieu provinces, the east and south by the South China Sea, the west by Thai Lan Gulf. It has a natural area of ​​5,221km2, population of 1,222,575 people and 09 administrative units, including Ca Mau city and Cai Nuoc, Dam Doi, Nam Can, Ngoc Hien, Phu Tan, Thoi Binh, Tran Van Thoi and U Minh districts. Ca Mau has diverse natural resources with two National Parks, Ramsar Site, World Biosphere Reserve and two specific ecosystems: mangrove forest and freshwater swamp forests. Ca Mau sea has abundant seafood reserves and there are great oil and gas potentialities. Besides, beautiful islands and island clusters such as Hon Khoai Island, Hon Chuoi Island, Da Bac Island, etc along with the romantic long beach, etc is favorable conditions for the development of ecological tourism and countryside tourism. At Ca Mau Cape, alluvial deposition forms large mudflats.  The land further encroaches upon the sea a few dozen meters every year. Only coming here, we feel a land where “the land may expand, forest may walk and the sea may flourish.”

Khai Long tourism area

Ca Mau’s humanity tourism resources are also very characteristic with the outstanding cultural features. Glorious victories in the resistance war have formed many important historical-cultural relics. Traditional festivals, architectural works, traditional crafts, culinary culture and humorous stories of “Vua Noi doc”-Uncle Ba Phi will always remain in the visitors’ hearts as profound feelings in the journey to Ca Mau Cape.

 Prow panel symbol


Tourism has been identified as a spearhead economic sector, creating a driving force for socio-economic development of Ca Mau province. Ecotourism and community tourism products are considered as the key types of tourism creating the breakthrough for Ca Mau tourism. With its advantages in terms of human, natural conditions, culture and society and tourism investment attraction policies, Ca Mau is striving to better serve the tourism needs of visitors and be deserving to be called “Greeen Cape” – an attractive destination for domestic and international tourists./.


Article and Photo: Nguyen Tuyen

Ca Mau organized a famtrip and fresstrip to survey tourism destinations

Under the tourism promotion program 2017, from the 15th to16th of November, 2017, the Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism organized a famtrip to survey Ca Mau tourism. The members including: Representatives of the Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism; Department of Tourism Management; Tourism Information and Promotion Center and tourism and travel businesses in Ca Mau, Can Tho; Representatives of the press and media agencies participated in the survey and reported.

khao sat du lich ca mau - anh 2

The famtrip surveyed the location where fishers catched fish with a net on mudflats – Ca Mau Cape

The famtrip is aimed at introducing the typical tourism destinations of Ca Mau to the key tourism market through the media and travel agencies, at the same time, recognizing the opinions of agencies and units participating in the survey on experience in tourism development, giving advice and recommendations on solving difficult tourism problems to branches and functional agencies. This famtrip is aimed at promoting propaganda and advertisement of the image of Ca Mau land and people to a large number of tourism businesses, domestic and international tourists. Moreover, it is also aimed at enhancing the promotion of destinations, tourism information supply, advertisement and propaganda promotion of new tourism products in Ca Mau Cape and the community tourism households in Dat Mui Commune and U Minh Ha melaleuca forest, etc to the media and tourism businesses. During this famtrip, the group also gave practical solutions to improve the service quality and available local resources to be ready to welcome visitors.

khao sat du lich ca mau - anh 1The group surveyed the oyster farming cages at Ca Mau Cape

Throughout the survey, the representatives of the Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism; Department of Tourism Management; Tourism Information and Promotion Center and Tourism Businesses have absorbed ideas from the members, analyzed the strengths and weaknesses of tourism. Most members highly appreciated the potentialities and overall development of tourism, especially ecotourism. However, they also frankly pointed out the limitations that needed to be overcome: In Ca Mau Cape, the planning is good but the tourism products are not rich, the road to the community tourism households is not quite difficult, etc. For long-term cooperation,  it is necessary to have solutions to improve facilities to attract tourists; link the tours to extend the homestay time in Ca Mau Cape; pay attention to the characteristic culinary style of each locality and especially improve the service quality, etc to attract regular visitors but not only seasonal visitors.

khao sat du lich ca mau - anh 3The famtrip discussed and gave ideas on tourism services

The successful famtrip contributed to enhance the promotion and construction of beautiful images for Ca Mau tourism to tourism businesses and and tourists.

 La Mong Linh

Ca Mau – Amazing beauty from above

Ca Mau – A sacred and prosperous land in the southern pole of Vietnam – has a strong attraction to tourists by friendly people, diverse natural resources, attractive tourism products and distinctive geographic location. With more than 300 years of development along with the ups and downs of history, people in Green Cape always rise up and put on a new shirt-the shirt of development.

ca mau tu tren cao - anh 1Ca Mau City

ca mau tu tren cao - anh 2Ca Mau Cape

ca mau tu tren cao - anh 3National Coordinate Milestone GPS 0001

ca mau tu tren cao - anh 4Ca Mau Cape Mudflats

ca mau tu tren cao - anh 5Khai Long Beach

ca mau tu tren cao - anhHon Chuoi Island

ca mau tu tren cao - anh 7 Da Bac Island

ca mau tu tren cao - anh 8Hon Khoai Islands

ca mau tu tren cao - anh 9Gas-Power-Fertilizer Industrial Complex

ca mau tu tren cao - anh 10U Minh Ha National Park

ca mau tu tren cao - anh 11Trem River Fishing Ground- Plantation Biodiversity Zone

Article and Photo: Thanh Ven

Discover Green Cape

Ca Mau – the beautiful land in the southernmost region of Vietnam, where every Vietnamese person wants to set foot once. Coming to Ca Mau to see the beauty of nature with the vast green color, it is the blue of the immense sea, the mangrove forest and above all, the greenness of the vitality and the attempt of simple-hearted people.

Ca Mau Cape

kham pha dat mui xanh - anh 1

Ca Mau is the southernmost province of Vietnam, has a special geographic location with three sides adjacent to the sea, Kien Giang province in the North, Bac Lieu Province in the Northeast. Nowadays, “It is heard that Ca Mau is far away” song word no longer makes tourists frustrated because the road system to Ca Mau has been invested. It is easier to go to Ca Mau on Highway 1A, Trans-Asia highway, by riverway or by air, which are very convenient. After 20 years of construction and development, the young city of Ca Mau has made a great change , increasingly asserting its position as one of four driving-force cities of the Mekong Delta and also the the center of the Southwestern sea.

Beside the modern facilities, Ca Mau always preserves cultural and revolutionary values such as Buddhist Temple, Hong Anh Thu Quan, Steel House, Tan Hung communal house, Provincial Party Committee base in Lung La Nha The, Provincial Party Committee base in Xeo Duoc, President Ho Chi Minh Memorial Mounument, etc. Tourists can easily visit to learn the struggle process of this heroic land.

It is just over 11km from the center of city – Ca Mau Gas-Power-Fertilizer Industrial Complex. Ca Mau Gas-Power-Fertilizer Industrial Complex has created a strong resurgence, contributing to changing the economic structure of the province, promoting economic development of the Southwestern region and creating a link of the industry – service – tourism -trade.

 Gas-Power-Fertilizer Industrial Complex

kham pha dat mui xanh - anh 2

Ca Mau has a total forest area of ​​over 94,100 hectares with three main forest types: mangrove swamps, brackish- water swamps and forests on the island. Beside U Minh Ha National Park with typical flora and fauna on the peat layer with the high value of biodiversity, tourists can also visit the ecotourism sites such as Song Trem Ecotourism Area or Muoi Ngot Community Tourism Area and take part in exciting unique tourism activities.

Ca Mau Cape National Park has an area of ​​over 42,000 hectares – one of the three core zones of the World Biosphere Reserve and is recognized as the World RAMSAR Site. Every year, the mudflats encroach on tens of meters of the sea, which is a favorable condition for plant and animal species’ development.

Song Trem ecotourism area

kham pha dat mui xanh - anh 3

Those who went to Ca Mau Cape many years ago will see a tremendous change. Since the Ho Chi Minh Highway, Nam Can – Dat Mui Section was accessible, the number of visitors to Ca Mau Cape increased dramatically. Coming here, tourists will visit the National Coordinate Milestone GPS 0001, the symbol of the windy boat, the symbol of Flag Tower of Hanoi, the “endpoint” mark under the Construction Project for Ho Chi Minh Highway, Nam Can- Dat Mui Section, etc or enjoy the specialties of Dat Mui such as shrimp, crab, fish, oysters, “vop”, snail,etc.


Coming to Ca Mau, you should not forget to visit Da Bac Island – beside the fresh natural scenery, tourists can see countless granite stacked into very unique shape with the legend such as “Fairy Ground”,  “Fairy Foot”, “Fairy hand”, etc . And if you want to take a rest, come to Khai Long – where there are long sandy beach and green willow rows and mangrove forest ecosystems. You can also take a full view of beautiful Hon Khoai island.

Beside the beauty of nature, Ca Mau also has many festivals which is a cultural beauty attracting many tourists annually such as Nghinh ong (Song Doc) Festival on the 14th, 15th, 16th of February in the lunar calendar for praying for good weather or Via Ba Thien Hau Festival on March 23rd in the lunar callendar, Chol Chnam Thmay, Ok Om-bok, Sen Dolta Festivals, etc, which shows Kinh-Hoa solidarity in Vietnamese family.

Nghinh Ong (Song Doc) Festival

kham pha dat mui xanh - anh 4

After attending special festivals, tourists will be invited to relax in the sweet tune of Don Ca Tai Tu or relax with the tales of “Vua noi doc”- Uncle Ba Phi.

The forest and the sea have given Ca Mau a strong attraction to domestic and international tourists and abundant natural resources; therefore, local people established a lot of specific trade villages, namely: fried fish village in Tran Van Thoi district, dried shrimp village in Ngoc Hien district, Salted cattail village  in Cai Nuoc district, bottom gillnetting in Cua Lon river – Nam Can district.

Ca Mau has favorable natural conditions and is the leading province in the Mekong Delta for the development of shrimp farming. The province has nearly 300,000 hectares of shrimps; Output reaches nearly 150,000 tons per year and the annual export turnover is nearly US$ 1 billion.

Ca Mau is a young land with many promising tourism potentialities. According the Province’s plan, the tourism is strived to achieve 4.5% by 2020 with 1.7 million domestic visitors and 50,000 international visitors and the tourism revenue of 2,610 billion dong.

With the advantages of natural conditions, ecology, traditional trade villages, diverse tourism products, numerous local specialties and friendly people, Ca Mau is continuing to strive and promote its potentialies and sustainable development to become a developed province and also the “Green Cape” – an exciting destination for domestic and international tourists./.

 Synthesized by: Nguyen Tuyen

Ca Mau cattails

Ca Mau – the southernmost land of Vietnam has a history of more than 300 years. Ca Mau is a young land growing and developing day by day. Unique natural resources and honest, open-minded and liberal Ca Mau people make the “brand” of Ca Mau Cape, which is simple but contains a great love for the country. Ca Mau have abundant specialities, namely honey, dried shrimp, dried fish, sea crabs, three-striped crab, cattails, etc.

Ca Mau cattails has been certified as the collective trademark “Cai Nuoc-Ca Mau Cattails” by the National Office of Intellectual Property of Vietnam. Not only in Cai Nuoc district, cattails are present in the districts and flooded areas in the province. Therefore, cattails are very close to Ca Mau people and contribute to promoting the culinary culture of the southernmost land of Vietnam.

bon-bon ca mau 3

The appearance time of cattails has not known. It is said that it has existed in nature for a long time and strongly developed in the districts of Cai Nuoc, Tran Van Thoi, U Minh and Thoi Binh. In the past, cattails was only used in the family meal of Ca Mau farmers but now it has high economic efficiency and becomes a local produce popular with tourists. Cattails has “transformed itself” into a specialty of retaining visitors to Ca Mau Cape.

On the journey along the National Highway 1A to Ca Mau-Cai Nuoc- Nam Can, tourists will be surprised at the peaceful countryside. From a far distance, the two roadsides are the green stretched cattails fields like the immerse rice fields. There are many households directly supplying fresh cattails and pickled cattails for visitors to use as gifts for relatives in the tour to the southernmost land of Vietnam.

bon bon ca mau anh 1

Cattails are a kind of clean food that can be processed into a variety of dishes such as sour soup, hot pot, fried shrimp, pickled cattails. The most special dish is probably pickled cattails. Light sour, crispy and fragrant pickled cattails served with tilapia, pineapple fish cooked with sauce, salted fish hotpot or chinese braised pork, etc is very delicious dishes popular with many visitors.

bon-bon ca mau 2

To make delicious pickled cattails, cut off the long leaves of cattails, retain the root from 25-30cm, separate the inner core, use rice water, add salt and sugar. Water, salt and sugar addition is the most important, which is considered as the secret of making pickled cattails. Then heat this mixture, let it cool and then take cattails prepared in and wait for about 2 days before use.

Visit Ca Mau once to enjoy this produce. Those who have ever enjoyed it will never forget it and for Ca Mau people who are far away from hometown, cattails will forever be a food associated with childhood and containing the rustic and close flavor and the great love for their hometown.

Kieu Trang

Cattails is also called Thuy huong (Thuy: water; huong: incense) because its flower is like the incense stick in the water. The scientific name of cattails is Typha angustifolia and belongs to the family of Typhaceae. Cattails often grow in lowland with a large amount of salted alkaline soil and belongs to the reed family, grows in the water at the depth of up to 1.5 m.

National Monument in the southernmost region of the Fatherland

(CMO) Southern Special Printing Board Stele is a work of special significance for the Finance industry to honor and recognize great contributions of the previous generations, thereby educating the fine traditions of Vietnam’s Finance industry.

A short-time after the success of August Revolution, the whole Southern region started French resistance war on September 23, 1945. Facing the urgent need to issue Vietnamese banknotes to take initiative in operating the economy, boosting production and ensuring the long-term war, President Ho Chi Minh signed Decree No. 102/SL to allow the Southern region to issue its own bonds on November 1, 1947. However, thanks to the “Vietnamization” of over 100 million Indochina dong, the enforcement of the decree was postponed. Then, in order to lessen the difficulty for the Southern region, the Central Government allowed the issuance of Vietnamese banknotes in the Southern region called Central Banknotes under Decree No. 147/SL dated March 2, 1948.

In order to print banknotes, the Southern Special Printing Board was established at Dong Thap Muoi War Zone (Moc Hoa district, Dong Thap province) and led by Mr. Ngo Tan Nhon, special envoy of the Government. To cover the enemy’s eyes, the Southern Special Printing Board was nicknamed “The Cultivation Board No. 10”.


National Monument in the southernmost region of the Fatherland

The Southern Special Printing Board Stele, which teaches revolutionary tradition to young generation. Photo: THANH QUANG

Since 1949, in order to ensure secrecy, the Southern Special Printing Board was ordered to move to U Minh war zone. Here, banknotes with denominations of 1, 5 and 10 dong were printed by a leg-operated printer on student paper in large numbers. In 1953, while the Southern Special Printing Board was operating stably in Tan Hung Tay, Cai Nuoc district, a forest fire occurred. The hundreds of officials, workers and tons of equipment were moved to Ham Rong, Nam Can district. In order to meet the demand for money and eliminate the Indochina dong, the Southern Special Printing Board was allowed to print banknotes with denominations of 20, 50, 100 dong with a modern equipment – the manualy-operated offset printer. Money was printed on Gai paper. In early 1954, the Southern Administrative War Resistance Committee ordered printing banknotes of 200 dong and 500 dong.  After the printing finished, the revolution was successful. The Geneva Agreement was signed (July 20, 1954) at which time the Southern Special Printing Board also accomplished its historic mission (November 1954). The number of banknotes printed in the Southern region circulated in the community was around 3.6 billion dong.

Uncle Ho banknotes printed in large numbers throughout the Southern region played a great role in the establishment of the Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam that was still young at that time. It also created financial independence in the hard war of 9 years because each banknote contained the political, economic and financial significance based on taking people as the foundation to replace the “gold standard”.

To note the turning points in the resistance war and the early days of the establishment of the young Vietnamese revolutionary government, at the same time, teach the revolutionary traditions to the young generation, in 2001, the Southern Special Printing Board started building the stele in Ham Rong commune, Nam Can district. The project was worth about 45 million dong mobilized by its former members. However, this works with its rudimentary structure was not in line with the functions, duties and dedication of those who printed money at that time. In early 2009, the Ministry of Finance had the policy of upgrading and renovating the Southern Special Printing Board stele. In 2010, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism issued a decision on recognizing the Southern Special Printing Board stele in Ham Rong commune, Nam Can District, Ca Mau Province as the National Historical Relic.

Under the authorization of the Ministry of Finance and the investment approval of Ca Mau Province People’s Committee, the investment project for upgrading and renovating the Southern Special Printing Board Stele was approved on 11 June, 2012 and the Employer was Ca Mau Department of Finance. The works consists of an architectural complex with the following main items: memorial monument, martyrs’ stele house, kindergarten, garden, yard, fence, lighting system, embankment, pavement and road connecting willow tree rows to Dam Cung river. The project was commenced on July 27, 2012 with a total investment of over VND 20,000,000,000 aided by the Ministry of Finance.

After more than 2 years of construction, on October 6, 2014, the project of upgrading and renovating the Southern Special Printing Board Stele was inaugurated with the presence of those who used to worked in Printing Board, leaders of the Ministry of Finance, Ca Mau province and many local people.

After 6 years of operation, officials and employees of the Southern Special Printing Board have devoted themselves and contributed a worthy part to their common career in the early days of resistance war. There are 8 officers who died during the operation of the Board. It can be said that the glorious feat of arms of the Southern Special Printing Board is an epic and a forever unforgettable landmark in the history of Vietnam in general and the Southern people in particular./.

Huynh Hoai Han

Ca Mau mangrove chopsticks – Dat Mui’s typical gift

Every tourist when coming to Ca Mau will bring any gift of Ca Mau Cape to his or her relatives and friends. It is probably the reason why Ca Mau’s famous souvenirs have been popular with tourists such as U Minh honey, Rach Goc dried shrimp, Cai Nuoc pickled cattail, Cai Do Vam Bombay duck, U Minh dried catfish, Ca Mau mangrove chopsticks, etc. Ca Mau mangrove chopsticks are beautiful and durable and made from natural mangrove. It is a safe tool and can be used for many years. Therefore, whenever using the mangrove chopstick, everyone will be impressed by Ca Mau in each meal.

duaduoccamaau-anh1Mangrove forest is growing in Ca Mau Cape

Ca Mau mangrove forest has an area of ​​63,071 hectares, of which, mangrove has high economic value and should be used for different purposes. In the past, people used mangrove to build houses, bridges, floor, closets, tables, chairs, handicrafts and coalmines. Moreover, mangroves are very close to the daily meal of Ca Mau people because mangroves are used to make chopsticks. The properties of mangrove are straight, firm and durable body. In the tourism development trend in the whole country, the number of tourists to Ca Mau increases day by day. From the use of mangrove chopsticks produced by manual methods to meet the daily needs, the chopsticks gradually go far to domestic and international tourists. Ca Mau people have created a number of machines to replace the different stages of chopstick production such as sawing planks, cutting square bars, sun drying, rounding, polishing, packaging and label printing.


Mangrove chopstick production is found in many districts of Ca Mau province but popularly in Nam Can, Ngoc Hien and Dam Doi districts. Mangrove chopstick production’s formation and development has contributed to the creation of jobs for a part of local people in the mangrove forest region. Mr. Hai Tuan (So Dua hamlet, Vien An commune, Ngoc Hien district) said that when we came up with the mangrove chopstick production model, we thought about how to solve the job problem for local people and limit unemployment in the locality. Therefore, when coming to a mangrove chopstick production locality, the working atmosphere is very busy and hard but everyone is happy. All workers are hard-working, the sawdust is clung to their body but they still smile happily, which brings visitors the new and strange feeling and helps them understand and sympathize with the hard-working life of Ca Mau people who lives with the sea and the forest all year round.

There are many types of Ca Mau Mangrove chopsticks, one for eating rice and one for cooking and frying food. In terms of color, the chopsticks are light yellow, fet black, red, etc. Therefore, visitors should select mangrove chopsticks based on the use purpose to suit to the eating style of family.


With a beautifull, natural and solid style, mangrove chopsticks have contributed to making dishes more delicious and widely used and selected by people all over the country. Nowadays, tourists can buy mangrove chopsticks at tourism areas and markets in Ca Mau province.

Photo and content: Duong Kim Chuyen